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BEIJING—New regulations on online advertising are casting a wide net, affecting businesses from e-commerce to social media, as China’s government tries to get a hold of a fast-moving segment of the internet.
The rules, issued Friday by the State Administration for Industry and Commerce, are China’s most comprehensive to date, broadly defining online and electronic advertising as including email ads, paid-search results and embedded links, images and videos “with the purpose of promoting goods or services.”
The regulations, which take effect in September, lay out guidelines to guard against false or misleading practices. They also prohibit online ads for prescription medication and tobacco, while requiring prior government approval for ads for medical supplies, pesticides, veterinary medicine and other health products.
“Before this, there was no law that defined exactly what an internet ad was, and the regulations were a bit piecemeal,” said Eugene Low, a partner at the Hong Kong office of law firm Hogan Lovells.
Though drafted last July, the regulations come amid quickened efforts to regulate advertising practices online following the public uproar over the death in April of a college student with a rare form cancer. The student died after trying a treatment he found advertised on Chinese internet search giant Baidu Inc. BIDU -1.78 % ’s platform. The ensuing criticism took aim at the murky online environment for health information.
Included in the new regulations is a requirement that all paid advertising be clearly identified in search results—a policy issued by China’s internet regulator last month in the immediate aftermath of the student’s death. Regulators in the weeks since the death have also required that Baidu and other search companies limit ad results to 30% of each search-results page.
The stakes are high, as China’s huge online population provides a lucrative and growing market for advertising. Research firm eMarketer predicts digital ad spending will reach $40.4 billion in China this year, up from $24 billion two years ago.
With such a broad definition of online advertising, the new rules will affect search, e-commerce and social-networking sites, where paid ads and marketing emails are generally accepted practices, advertising experts said. Alibaba Group Holding Ltd. BABA -0.25 % ’s Taobao Marketplace, for example, will likely fall under the regulations, along with sites like internet portal Sohu.com SOHU 0.19 % and 58.com, WUBA 3.31 % a Craiglist-like site in China.
Alibaba said it is reviewing the new policies. Sohu.com declined to comment and 58.com didn’t respond to a request for comment.
Some analysts said the regulations were overdue given the rapid evolution of internet business, though they questioned whether the rules might be overly broad. “Consumers will have a much cleaner environment on the internet now,” said Tian Hou, founder of research and advisory firm T.H. Capital. She said that policies regarding email ads seemed “a bit overdone.”
Ms. Hou said the new policies most likely won’t diminish businesses’ bottom lines because pay-for-click ads often run on a bidding system for a limited amount of space. Other analysts, however, said taxes for businesses may increase because the new rules clearly define paid-search results as advertisements.
In a question-and-answer statement posted on the website of the regulator, the official in charge of advertising practices said the rules were important because “illegal activities happen again and again and demand specific measures.”
The official, Zhang Guohua, added that the laws will be revised as the industry develops. The laws apply to all forms of platforms, he said, including, for example, individuals on social media site Weibo who have many followers and may release a promotion on their own individual feed.
—Liyan Qi and Fanfan Wang contributed to this article
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